In simple terms, stock is really a share in the ownership of an organization representing a claim on the business's assets and earnings. The more the stock you acquire, the higher your ownership stake in the business.
Stocks are mostly traded on exchanges in two basic ways: on to the floor of the exchange or electronically. The trading floor of an exchange resembles an image of apparent chaos, with traders yelling, waving, talking on the telephone, and sending wild signals to one another. The exchange where trade is executed electronically involves a network of computers.
A currency markets that helps the exchange of shares between buyers and sellers is of two types: primary and secondary. In the principal market, securities are manufactured through an "Initial Public Offering (IPO)," i.e., the initial sale of a stock, that is issued by the private company itself. However, in the secondary market, investors trade previously-issued securities minus the involvement of the issuing companies. It's the secondary market that folks refer to if they discuss "the currency markets."
The NY STOCK MARKET (NYSE) may be the most prestigious exchange on earth. Also referred to as a "listed" exchange, a lot of the trading in the NYSE is performed face-to-face on a trading floor. Here orders can be found in through member brokers and flow right down to floor brokers who visit a specific i'm all over this the floor where in fact the stock is traded. As of this "trading post," there exists a "specialist" who matches buyers and sellers. Prices are determined through auction. Actually, the human contact notwithstanding, computers do play a large role in the NYSE.
The NASDAQ may be the second kind of exchange, where trading is performed by way of a computer and telecommunications network of dealers without central location or floor brokers whatsoever. It really is now home to numerous big technology companies, posing a significant challenge to the NYSE. There are many big stock exchanges operating in various parts of the planet.